Prof Stephen Hawking, one of Britains pre-eminent scientists, has said that efforts to create thinking machines pose a threat to our very existence.据英国广播公司(BBC)报导,英国最杰出的科学家之一史蒂芬·霍金(Stephen Hawking)教授近日回应,致力于不会思维型机器的研发不会威胁人类自身的存活。He told the BBC:The development of full artificial intelligence could spell the end of the human race.他向BBC回应:“人工智能的全盛时代有可能造成人类覆灭。”His warning came in response to a question about a revamp of the technology he uses to communicate, which involves a basic form of AI.当被问到自己用作日常交流的技术改良问题时,他做出如上规劝,该技术牵涉到一种基础人工智能形式。Prof Hawking says the primitive forms of artificial intelligence developed so far have already proved very useful, but he fears the consequences of creating something that can match or surpass humans.霍金教授说道,事实证明,人工智能从完整状态发展至今已非常简单,但他对建构这些与人类旗鼓相当甚至更加杰出的人工智能所产生的后果深感忧虑。


It would take off on its own, and re-design itself at an ever increasing rate, he said.他说道:“人工智能可自我提高,并大大加快自我设计。”Humans, who are limited by slow biological evolution, couldnt compete, and would be superseded.“而受限于较慢生物进化的人类无法与之抗衡,将被其代替。”But others are less pessimistic.但其他专家回应并没有那么乐观。I believe we will remain in charge of the technology for a decently long time and the potential of it to solve many of the world problems will be realised, said Rollo Carpenter, creator of Cleverbot.Cleverbot的创造者罗洛·卡彭特(Rollo Carpenter)称之为,“我坚信人类仍然不会在非常宽的时间内主导科技的发展,并以此解决问题很多世界性问题。